PMP Practice Questions #2
In a project that operates with fixed requirements and employs incremental deliveries, once the first delivery is made, a stakeholder inquires about the included requirements. Which tool would be most appropriate for the project manager to utilize to answer this?
A) Scope Baseline.
B) Scope Management Plan.
C) Requirement Traceability Matrix.
D) Requirement Document.
A) Scope Baseline: This provides a focus on deliverable specifications and their details. However, it doesn’t offer a direct trace back to individual requirements. While it offers a comprehensive view of the project’s scope, it isn’t tailored to map specific deliverables to the original stakeholder requirements.
B) Scope Management Plan: This option provides an outline of how the project scope will be defined, validated, and controlled. But, it doesn’t have a tracking mechanism that maps individual requirements against specific deliverables. It offers guidance on managing scope but doesn’t trace requirements to outcomes.
C) Requirement Traceability Matrix (RTM): This tool is designed explicitly for mapping requirements to their respective deliverables. Project managers, after documenting requirements in a Requirement Document (based on the Requirement Management Plan), convert this into the RTM to ensure a clear mapping between documented requirements and subsequent stages such as the work breakdown structure (WBS), design, and finally, the deliverables. This is the most suitable tool in the given scenario.
D) Requirement Document: It is a listing or documentation of all project requirements. However, by itself, it doesn’t offer a traceability function that connects requirements directly to specific deliverables. It’s a primary source of requirements but doesn’t provide the mapping clarity that a stakeholder is seeking in this situation.
In conclusion, the best tool for the project manager in this context would be the Requirement Traceability Matrix (Option C). This matrix ensures each stakeholder requirement is directly linked to the respective deliverables that address them.
PMP Exam Content Outline Mapping
|Process||Task8: Plan and manage scope|
- Scope Management Plan
- Requirement Management
- Validate Scope
- Requirement Traceability Matrix
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